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Effective and Experts Approved Ways to Get Rid of Hyperpigmentation
No doubt that dark spots on the skin are the last thing anyone desires. We can agree that the goal is to have that flawless and radiant skin. Dark spots due to hyperpigmentation on the skin can be upsetting and set you on a path to erasing them. In the quest for a solution, it’s very common to try anything you read online or are told is effective.
Some end up trying random things that eventually compromise their skin barrier, leaving them with more discoloration or other skin issues. Do know that when dealing with hyperpigmentation, there are proven and harmless ways to treat them, and of course PATIENCE is essential.
This article highlights doctors-approved ways to get rid of your skin discoloration. But before going further, let’s quickly talk about what hyperpigmentation is and its causes.
Hyperpigmentation is any spot or mark of the skin that appears darker than your normal skin tone due to the overproduction of melanin (skin pigment).
Common Causes of Hyperpigmentation
Sun Exposure: Some call this kind of hyperpigmentation sunburn. A long term exposure to the sun’s rays is a major cause of skin aging or damage. Once exposed to the UV rays, it stimulates more melanin production -which serves as a defense from skin damage. Frequent or excess exposure to the sun results in the appearance of dark sunspots.
Inflammation: Also called post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH), are discolorations from skin trauma such as acne, bug bites, or scratch. These issues can cause inflammation. Inflammation can trigger melanocytes (pigment-producing cells) to a high level, leaving a dark spot after your injury has healed.
Melasma: Also known as pregnancy mask, these brown patches appear in women with fluctuating hormone levels like pregnancy. Although common in women, it can also occur in men. Melasma is said to be triggered by a combination of sun exposure, genetics, and hormonal changes. It has been shown that women taking oral contraceptives can have melasma too.
Medication or medical condition: Certain drugs like nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), antibiotics, and antimalarial drugs, among others, can increase your risk of hyperpigmentation.
Hyperpigmentation can be caused by Addison disease- an adrenal gland disorder that increases melanin production.
Effective Ways to Get Rid of and Prevent Hyperpigmentation
Keep your skin moisturized/ hydrated
Skin health can be improved and maintained with adequate moisture. It’s common to focus on lightening products or agents, but an effective way to respond to discoloration is to use effective moisturizing products or ingredients such as hyaluronic acid, glycerin, and ceramides. Good moisturizers can help restore the skin's natural sebum and protect the barrier.
Put your hand away from the spots or injuries
Although it sounds impossible, it will help your skin if you stop touching the spot or injuries. Avoid pulling, squeezing, or scratching them. Doing that increases inflammation which causes skin discoloration.
Try over-the-counter (OTC) whitening option
The key word here is “OTC,” typically, your first response to discoloration is to use a lightening or whitening agent. The longer your hyperpigmentation, the longer it takes to erase them. The moment you spot them, respond on time for swift treatment. Ingredients such as retinoids, vitamin C, glycolic acid, and azelaic acids are effective OTC options.
Protect your skin from the sun
We can’t stress enough the need to protect your skin from the sun. The most effective way to prevent sun-induced discoloration is to use a broad-spectrum sunscreen with at least SPF 30 or more.
Consult your dermatologist for high-tech options
When you exhausted your options, and topical products doesn’t seem to fix the issue? Talk to your dermatologist for more effective ways to erase discoloration. Some examples of the high-tech options are chemical peel, microdermabrasion, and a laser resurfacing procedure.