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The Early Symptoms of Blood Clot

 The Early Symptoms of Blood Clot

October 13 was world thrombosis day, and the movement received a lot of attention around the globe. Thrombosis is a serious medical condition that occurs when a blood clot(s) obstructs your blood vessels. When this happens, the clot can block blood flow from its source (thrombus) or break loose and move to another area in your body (embolus).

If a moving clot gets stuck in a crucial area like the lungs, heart, or brain, it can lead to serious conditions like stroke or heart attack.

Stroke, heart attack, and pulmonary embolism are medical emergencies that occur in different areas of the body but have one thing in common- a blood clot. According to the United States Centre for Disease Control (CDC), blood clots cost America up to $ 10 billion yearly, and about 100 000 people die of blood clots yearly.

With this report, it is crucial to discuss blood clots' early signs and symptoms. Blood clots can cause different symptoms depending on the kind and location, but it is essential to be cautious and aware of the symptoms.

Types of Blood Clots and their Symptoms

Arterial clot

This type of blood clot is known as an arterial embolism. When the clot comes from somewhere else in the body, it usually occurs in the legs and feet, interrupting blood flow to other body parts.

Symptoms can happen quickly or slowly, depending on the clot's size and the degree to which it obstructs blood flow. At times, this type of blood clot may come without any symptoms. But symptoms of this type of blood clot in the legs or arms are:

·         Decreased or no pulse in the arm or leg

·         A cold arm or leg

·         Pain in the affected part

·         Lack of movement in the affected part

·         Numbness and tingle in the area

·         Pale color of the affected area

·         Weakness of an arm or leg

Venous clot

This type of blood clot forms in a vein and can build up over time. The most critical form of a venous clot is deep vein thrombosis (DVT); according to the CDC, it occurs when a blood clot forms in a deep vein, compared to more superficial veins that are closer to the body’s surface. DVT typically occurs in the lower leg, thigh, or pelvis; however, it can occur in the arm too.

The most severe complication of DVT occurs when a part of the clot breaks loose and moves through the bloodstream to the lungs. When in the lung, it can cause an obstruction called pulmonary embolism (PE), inhibit blood from flowing to the lungs, and lead to death. On the other hand, DVTs do not lead to stroke or heart attacks. 

Symptoms of deep vein thrombosis are:

·         Swelling

·         Pain

·         Skin redness

·         Tenderness

Symptoms of pulmonary embolism are:

  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Abnormal or irregular heartbeat
  • Discomfort or chest pain, which worsens with a deep breath or coughing
  • Coughing up blood
  • Extremely low blood pressure
  • Lightheadedness or fainting.

In conclusion, if you have symptoms of a blood clot, ensure that you see a doctor immediately. Don’t assume or consider the symptoms as nothing. The condition is preventable and treatable when noticed on time.





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